Word of the week: Alogia

The world of the week is Alogia: a word that comes from Greek and that represents a difficulty of speaking.

Katie Riches
9th November 2021
The word Alogia comes from Greek language, ἀ- means without and λόγος meaning speech. This term simply refers to difficulty of speaking or to the tendency to speak little due to brain impairment.

A person affected by Alogia is characterised by ‘the use of fewer words’ and by ‘answering only what is directly asked’. This is caused by many illnesses such as: schizophrenia, severe depression, bipolar disorder, dementia, Alzheimer’s and traumatic brain injuries.

Alogia can also occur as a secondary effect of psychosis and anxiety. People affected by these may be too paranoid to speak or, in the case of psychosis, have threatening voices in their head. Alogia is most commonly associated with schizophrenia with 15%-30% of schizophrenic patients suffering from it.

Credits: Damircudic on Unsplash

As of right now, the exact cause of Alogia is unknown. Theories suggest it could be an impairment of how the brain regions ‘talk’ to each other. Current treatments involve medications such as antidepressants, psychosocial treatment and speech therapy.

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